India ranks 5th in the world's most polluted nations; this leads to immediate repercussion on crop yield and on the health of farmers. India produced a record 100 million tons of wheat harvest in 2018-2019. If the atmosphere was as clean as it was 50 years ago the harvest could have been up to 140 million tones.
74% of interviewed farmers said they dont get any farming related information from the agricultural ministry thus only 10% farmers with average land holding of 1-4 acres benefited from government policies. For instance, over 62% of farmers surveyed claimed they we’re unaware about the existence of the MSP system.
Tech giant Google has pledged to invest $10 billion over a span of five to seven years to accelerate India’s digital economy, which is the need of the hour. This will directly benefit and pump up the agriculture sector that currently contributes.
76% of all farmers want to give up farming the elemental reason being the average farmer earns only $1459 ergo roughly 20% of them live in poverty. This coupled with the fact that 52.5% of them are indebted with $1470 resulting in has resulted in 38.7% of all farmer suicides being caused by bankcurptcy.
There are about 145 million landholdings in the country. With about 92% of them being wholly owned and self-operated, we may assume that we have about 130 million farmers. With more than 40% of our cultivated area of 175 million hectares being irrigated, there is a clear distinction between farmers with irrigation and those with rain-fed acreages.